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Strange and unexpected byways
A region 2 DVD review of ALTERNATIVE 3 by Slarek

I can't remember when I first heard the word Mockumentary coined, but I'm willing to bet it was following the release of Rob Reiner's This is Spinal Tap. The word itself suggests a comic mocking of documentary codes and conventions, something Reiner's film did with hilarious aplomb, and in the years that followed the term has expanded to include just about every type of faux documentary, no matter how serious its tone. This has resulted in two categories of mockumentary, those which employ documentary conventions for comic effect and those that use them to deliberately trick the viewer into believing that a fictional story is true.

One of the first and most famous examples of the latter category was broadcast on 1st April 1957, when the BBC's current affairs programme Panorama included a report on the annual spaghetti tree harvest in Switzerland. That the public believed the story may seem absurd now, but back in 1957 TV was a prime source of factual information, and the very idea that a mainstream current affairs programme would deliberately lie to its audience was almost unthinkable. It's all about that bond of trust that exists between us and the programme makers – even now if a newsreader slipped a fake article in amongst the real stories, no matter how far fetched, your natural inclination would be to take it as fact.

It was a similar story when Anglia Television broadcast an investigative documentary as part of their Science Report series entitled Alternative 3 back in 1977, a programme that drew some alarming conclusions from its investigation into the disappearance of a number of scientists. Audiences once again took the bait, though it helped that the broadcast was postponed from its original transmission date of April 1st and that public concern over the greenhouse effect, which figures prominently, was high. And come on, these guys had never lied to us before...

It's easy in retrospect to appreciate how the audience were hoodwinked by Alternative 3. Technically it's often on the nose, employing all of the techniques of investigative TV reporting to sell its story as fact. Captioned interviews with experts are alternated with more urgent handheld witness-chasing and hidden camera footage, supplemented by newspaper headlines and photographs, animated diagrams, and real news footage from around the world, plus an interview with ex-astronaut Bob Grodin shot on grainy 8mm film by a reporter posing as a tourist. There are even some rather well faked conversations between astronauts and mission control, complete with end-of-line beeps and appropriate distortion. Best of all, the whole thing is soberly presented by real-life newscaster Tim Brinton as if he was convinced of the truth of every word.

But right from the start the telltale signs of a hoax are visible. This is most obviously in the interview material, which almost always feels performed in that way that actors playing street interviewees can't seem to shake off (Equity union rules of the time prevented the use of non-actors or real experts willing to participate in the joke, whose unrehearsed naturalism might have completely sold it). This is particularly evident in the supposedly secret footage of young American informant Harry, which plays a bit too much like carefully rehearsed drama, though the subsequent hand-held footage of the crew invading Harry's lodgings and coming under assault works rather well.

The film takes a risk by falsely suggesting that Bob Grodin was Neil Armstrong's companion on the first moon landing, but in these pre-internet days I distinctly remember how effectively Armstrong's name eclipsed even those of his crewmates in the eyes of the general public – I'd even go as far as to suggest that Buzz Aldrin's more widespread recognition nowadays is partly the result of his memorable appearance in the Deep Space Homer episode of The Simpsons ("Second comes right after first!"). The casting of an American actor in the role rather than a Brit with a fake accent is certainly a big plus, but time has again worked to expose the prank, with the face of Shane Rimmer far more widely recognised than it was at a time when his most widely known acting turn was as the voice of Scott Tracy in Thunderbirds.

What does surprise in retrospect is that anyone remained fooled once the closing credits rolled, given that they announce the originally intended transmission date and list all of the characters and the actors who played them, although this is no doubt an indication of just how much notice many viewers take of end credit sequences. But there's also a clue at the very start, a semi-comic play on that non-specific reporter speak that you could almost miss if you were not paying attention. Standing on a balcony at Heathrow Airport, Brinton tells us in all seriousness that this story came to light when they were working on another film about Britain's brain drain:

"That film was never completed, because our enquiries led us into some strange and unexpected byways, and they, in their turn, led uniformly to a blank wall. A blank wall below where I'm standing now, at the car park of Terminal 3 of London's Heathrow Airport."

It's interesting to note just how much of the faked content now seems weirdly on the money, from the use something called a Space Shuttle to transport men and machinery into orbit to the dire predictions of climate change and a possible upcoming ice age. Some sources even claim that the reason for the film's subsequent disappearance was precisely that it was believed to have included information that was not for public ears, something you can take with a small pinch of salt.

It seems unlikely that anyone approaching Alternative 3 nowadays would not see through the scam, but knowing it's a con lets you in on the fun, and there's considerable enjoyment to be had from watching ingenious pranksters plying their trade. Largely unseen in Britain since that first TV screening, it was the film that most influenced New Zealand filmmakers Peter Jackson and Costa Botes when they made their own mockumentary delight, Forgotten Silver.

sound and vision

Alternative 3 was shot on 16mm and has that slightly fuzzy, grainy look that was common to TV film footage of the period. That aside, the contrast is generally rather good and the black levels solid – there's a fair amount of dust still present, but it does intermittently recede. The quality of the borrowed footage varies quite a bit, but this works for the show's chosen style.

The Dolby 2.0 mono soundtrack is clean of hiss and pops and the dialogue and music and clear enough, with only a small amount of distortion with some voices.

extra features

The Making of Alternative 3 (33:15)
Three of the key names behind Alternative 3 – writer David Ambrose, director Christopher Miles and presenter Tim Brinton – sit down in Brinton's living room to look back at the making of the film, the public reaction to it and the uncanny accuracy of its predictions (the similarity of their fictional scares to the very real ones outlined in An Inconvenient Truth is particularly highlighted). There are also a few engaging anecdotes, not least Ambrose's fateful coincidence-strewn encounter with a Japanese film crew.

5 large, high quality production stills.

Press Cuttings Gallery (29:39)
An extensive rolling gallery of press clippings from the time, which the camera drifts over to allow you to read each and every one. Included are stories on the controversy and appreciations of its technical handling, plus some articles printed in advance of the screening to prime audiences. There's even a newspaper cartoon lampooning the belief that it was all true.

Trailer Reel
Trailers for Allegro (2:19), Old Joy (2:20) and Wild Blue Yonder (1:57).


An enjoyable TV prank whose appeal lies in its technique and a hindsight ability to differentiate the plausible from the bare-faced lies. In my first draft of this review I was hesitant about recommending a disc I hadn't seen the extra features for, but now that I've caught up with them I'd say it's definitely one to check out, with the discussion and press clippings providing some enjoayble and educational background information. For mockumentary fans it's a must, and if you enjoyed Forgotten Silver then at long last you can see the film that was its inspiration.

Alternative 3

US 1977
52 mins
Christopher Miles
Tim Brinton
Gregory Munroe
Carol Hazell
Shane Rimmer
Richard Marner

DVD details
region 2
4:3 OAR
Dolby 2.0 mono
subtitles .
(retrospective featurette, stills, press clippings)
Soda Pictures
release date
8 October 2007
review posted
8 October 2007
7 November 2007

related review
Forgotten Silver

See all of Slarek's reviews